Question: What Is Considered A Small VSD?

How long can you live with a VSD?

Available data indicate that adults with closed VSDs and without other heart or lung complications can expect to live a normal lifespan.

In the 40 years that the operation has been widely used, about 6 percent of patients have required a re-operation to close small leaks that developed around the patch..

Can VSD cause stroke?

Over time, if not repaired, this defect can increase the risk for other complications, including heart failure, high blood pressure in the lungs (called pulmonary hypertension), irregular heart rhythms (called arrhythmia), or stroke.

What is the normal size of VSD?

The VSDs were classified as: small (diameter less than or equal to 3 mm), medium (3 to 6 mm) and large (greater than 6 mm). Twelve children were lost to follow-up; the remainder were followed up for an average of 35 months.

Is VSD a sign of Down syndrome?

Since none had trisomy 21, this does not affect our overall conclusion that a prenatally visualized VSD is not associated with a significant risk for Down syndrome.

Can a small VSD close on its own?

Small VSDs don’t cause problems and often may close on their own. Because small VSDs allow only a small amount of blood to flow between the ventricles, they’re sometimes called restrictive VSDs. Small VSDs don’t cause any symptoms. Medium VSDs are less likely to close on their own.

Is a VSD life threatening?

Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are usually considered non-life-threatening, usually closing spontaneously or causing symptoms of congestive heart failure, which can be surgically treated in time to save the patient’s life.

Does VSD require surgery?

Healthcare providers often do the surgery in infants or children. Sometimes adults also need this type of repair if their VSD was not found during childhood. Although surgery is still the standard of care, a minimally invasive procedure using cardiac catheterization may be an option to fix the VSD for some children.

How long does a VSD repair take?

The surgery lasted more than two hours.

When should a VSD close?

Approximately 75 percent of small VSDs close on their own within the first year of life or by age 10 and do not require any treatment other than careful monitoring. For medium to large VSDs, the spontaneous closure rate is about 5 to 10 percent.

What is a small VSD?

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the ventricular septum, the lower wall of the heart separating the right and left ventricles. A VSD is a congenital heart defect, in other words, a birth defect of the heart.

Can a small VSD get bigger?

There’s no concern that a VSD will get any bigger, though: VSDs may get smaller or close completely without treatment, but they won’t get any bigger. A kid or teen with a small defect that causes no symptoms might simply need to visit a pediatric cardiologist regularly to make sure there are no problems.

How common is VSD in newborns?

Ventricular septal defects are among the most common congenital heart defects, occurring in 0.1 to 0.4 percent of all live births and making up about 20 to 30 percent of congenital heart lesions. Ventricular septal defects are probably one of the most common reasons for infants to see a cardiologist.